Study: Diquafosol and evaporative dry eye
I never quite got over the fact that they could not get this drug approved for the US market. Frustrating.
Diquafosol promotes secretion of tear fluid and mucin at the ocular surface and is administered for treatment of dry eye (DE). Tear film lipid layer is secreted from meibomian glands and stabilizes the tear film. We recently showed that diquafosol administration increased lipid layer thickness (LLT) for up to 60 min in normal human eyes. We here evaluated tear film lipid layer in DE patients (n = 47) with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) before as well as 30, 60, and 90 min after diquafosol administration. One drop of artificial tears or one drop of diquafosol was applied randomly to the eyes of each patient. Diquafosol significantly increased LLT at 30 (P < 0.001) and 60 (P = 0.042) min and noninvasive tear film breakup time for at least 90 min (P < 0.001 at each assessment point). Artificial tears had no such effect. Diquafosol significantly improved the tear interferometric pattern compared with artificial tears (P < 0.001 at each assessment point). A single topical administration of diquafosol thus improved LLT and tear film stability in DE patients with MGD, suggesting that diquafosol is a potential treatment not only for aqueous-deficient DE but also for evaporative DE associated with MGD.