The Dry Eye Zone

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Abstract: Modified fluorescein strip in BUT measurements

A new modified fluorescein strip: Its repeatability and usefulness in tear film break-up time analysis.

PURPOSE:
To (i) analyze the repeatability of fluorescein instillation from a modified fluorescein strip (MFS) compared to a standard fluorescein strip (FS), and to (ii) observe its usefulness in the measurement of the fluorescein break-up time (FBUT) in comparison to the Tearscope (NIBUT).

METHODS:
In-vitro: Intra- and inter-observer repeatability in fluorescein instillation from the MFS and FS was evaluated by fluorescence analysis (n=10, each). In-vivo: BUT of the right eye of 20 randomly selected subjects (mean age 43.3±11.5, range=21-60 years, 8 males, 12 females) was measured by use of the Tearscope and MFS. Subjects were grouped by the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score into 8 OSDI+ and 12 OSDI- by a cut-off value of 15.

RESULTS:
In-vitro: Intra-observer 95% limit of agreement (LoA) of the MFS was similar to the FS LoA in observer 1 (O1), but better than the FS LoA in observer (O2) (MFS: O1: LoA=±1.98mW; p=0.179; O2: ±2.71; 0.442; FS: O1: ±1.71; 0.246; O2: ±4.11; 0.512). Inter-observer LoA in fluorescence was better in MFS (±1.42; 0.111) than in FS (±3.71; 0.003). In-vivo: MFS-BUT was significantly shorter than the NIBUT (p=0.002), but significantly correlated (r=0.864, p<0.001). NIBUT and MFS-BUT were significant discriminators (p<0.001) of OSDI±(0.948/8s and 0.938/5s [AUC/cut-off value]; NIBUT and MFS-BUT, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:
The MFS was better in the repeatability of fluorescein instillation than the FS. NIBUT and MFS-BUT were good discriminators of dry eye symptoms, but differ in their cut-off values.


Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011 Aug 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Pult H, Riede-Pult BH.
Source
Optometry and Vision Research, Weinheim, Germany; Contact Lens & Anterior Eye Research Unit (CLAER), School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, UK.
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