The Dry Eye Zone

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Abstract: Non-invasive tear film surface assessment

Predicting Dry Eye Using Non-invasive Techniques of Tear Film Surface Assessment.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print]
Szczesna DH, Alonso-Caneiro D, Iskander DR, Read SA, Collins M.
Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland.

PURPOSE. To measure tear film surface quality in healthy and dry eye subjects using three non-invasive techniques of tear film quality assessment and to establish the ability of these non-invasive techniques to predict dry eye.

METHODS. Thirty four subjects participated in the study, and were classified as dry eye or normal, based on standard clinical assessments. Three non-invasive techniques were applied for measurement of tear film surface quality: dynamic-area high-speed videokeratoscopy (HSV), wavefront sensing (DWS) and lateral shearing interferometry (LSI). The measurements were performed in both natural blinking conditions (NBC) and in suppressed blinking conditions (SBC).

RESULTS. In order to investigate the capability of each method to discriminate dry eye subjects from normal subjects, the receiver operating curve (ROC) was calculated and then the area under the curve (AUC) was extracted. The best result was obtained for the LSI technique (AUC=0.80 in SBC and AUC=0.73 in NBC), which was followed by HSV (AUC=0.72 in SBC and AUC=0.71 in NBC). The best result for DWS was AUC=0.64 obtained for changes in vertical coma in suppressed blinking conditions, while for normal blinking conditions the results were poorer.

CONCLUSIONS. Non-invasive techniques of tear film surface assessment can be used for predicting dry eye and this can be achieved in natural blinking as well as suppressed blinking conditions. In this study, LSI showed the best detection performance, closely followed by the dynamic-area HSV. The wavefront sensing technique was less powerful, particularly in natural blinking conditions.