The Dry Eye Zone

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Abstract: Calorie restriction... in middle aged rats

I wonder how old a rat is when it's middle-aged?

I wonder how many doctors would not flinch at suggesting this therapeutic approach to their overweight dry eye patients?

I wonder whether those two numbers will be similar? ;-)

Calorie restriction: A new therapeutic intervention for age-related dry eye disease in rats.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 9;397(4):724-8. Epub 2010 Jun 9.
Kawashima M, Kawakita T, Okada N, Ogawa Y, Murat D, Nakamura S, Nakashima H, Shimmura S, Shinmura K, Tsubota K.
Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Abstract
A decrease in lacrimal gland secretory function is closely related to aging and leads to an increased prevalence of dry eye syndrome. Since calorie restriction (CR) is considered to prevent functional decline of various organs due to aging, we hypothesized that CR could prevent age-related lacrimal dysfunction. Six-month-old male Fischer 344 rats were randomly divided into ad libitum (AL) and CR (-35%) groups. After 6months of CR, tear function was examined under conscious state. After euthanasia, lacrimal glands were subjected to histological examination, tear protein secretion stimulation test with Carbachol, and assessment of oxidative stress with 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) antibodies. CR significantly improved tear volume and tended to increase tear protein secretion volume after stimulation with Carbachol compared to AL. The acinar unit density was significantly higher in the CR rats compared to AL rats. Lacrimal glands in the CR rats showed a lesser degree of interstitial fibrosis. CR reduced the concentration of 8-OHdG and the extent of staining with HNE in the lacrimal gland, compared to AL. Furthermore, our electron microscopic observations showed that mitochondrial structure of the lacrimal gland obtained from the middle-aged CR rats was preserved in comparison to the AL rats. Collectively, these results demonstrate for the first time that CR may attenuate oxidative stress related damage in the lacrimal gland with preservation of lacrimal gland functions. Although molecular mechanism(s) by which CR maintains lacrimal gland function remains to be resolved, CR might provide a novel therapeutic strategy for treating dry eye syndrome.
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